LOWER LEVEL THINKING
1. Knowledge — To remember information you have learned. Remembering facts, terms, definitions,
What? Who? list, name, define, describe, order, recite, list, record, recall, label, reproduce, match, repeat, underline, state, recognize, relate.
By books, facts, events, TV, radio, newspapers, magazines, films, tapes, CD’s and movies
2. Comprehension — to understand the meaning of things learned.
Explain. How? Why? interpret, summarize, give examples, predict, translate, arrange, locate, indicate, describe, restate, sort, classify, translate, express, discuss, extrapolate.
By diagrams, puzzles, logs. stories, games, journal, reports, task cards, illustrations, drawings
3. Application — Using information in a new way to solve a problem.
Apply compute, solve, modify, construct, sketch, practice, illustrate, measure, schedule, choose, use, demonstrate, prepare, operate.
By diagrams, model illustrations, photographs, sculpture, model stories, diorama, scrapbook, puzzles, mobile, collection, map
HIGHER LEVEL THINKING
4. Analysis — to break down knowledge into parts and show relationships among those parts. Physical, historical, functional descriptions
Examine. How? What? analyze, diagram, question, appraise, test, calculate, discriminate, distinguish, categorize, compare, criticize, contrast, experiment, inventory.
By graphs, charts, surveys, events, diagrams, objects, reports, commercials, puzzles, questionnaires.
5. Synthesis — to produce something original from elements and components of previous knowledge. To bring together.
- unique communicate
- plan or set
- abstract relations
Organize. Bring together
arrange, design, prepare, assemble, formulate, propose, collect, manage, set up, compose, synthesize, create, plan, write, construct, modify, conduct.
By stories, news, articles, poems, games, magazines, TV shows, cartoons, recipes, plays, songs, machines, puppet shows, hypothesis, advertisements
6. Evaluation — to make judgments based on pre-established criteria.
- internal evidence (logical accuracy, consistency)
- external evidence (application of external criteria)
Support. Why? Why not? appraise, estimate, select, argue, evaluate, assess, judge, value, attack, predict, score, compare, rate, defend.
By polls, group letters, surveys, recommendations, evaluations, panels, simulations, discussions, news items, court trials.